Before calendars existed, people tracked time by the moon cycles. Early Native American tribes even came up with their own names for the moons which were adopted by Colonial Americans. Here is a list of full moon names from timeanddate.com.
The Full Moon in January is the Wolf Moon named after howling wolves, which may stem from the Anglo-Saxon lunar calendar. Other names: Moon After Yule, Old Moon, Ice Moon, and Snow Moon. The 2018 Wolf Moon was Jan. 1.
The Snow Moon is the full moon in February, named after the snowy conditions. Some North American tribes named it the Hunger Moon due to the scarce food sources during mid-winter, while other names are Storm Moon and Chaste Moon, but the last name is more common for the March Full Moon. This year the Snow Moon will take place Jan. 31. making it the second full moon in one month, or a Blue Moon.
The last full moon of the winter season in March is the Worm Moon because of the earthworms that come out at the end of winter. Is is also known as the Crow Moon, Crust Moon, Sap Moon, Sugar Moon, and Chaste Moon. The Old English/Anglo-Saxon name is Lenten Moon. Date in 2018: March 1.
The Full Moon in late March or early April is the Pink Moon, from the pink flowers – phlox – that bloom in the early spring. Other names for this Full Moon include Sprouting Grass Moon, Fish Moon, Hare Moon, and the Old English/Anglo-Saxon name is Egg Moon. It is also known as the Paschal Moon because it is used to calculate the date for Easter. The Pink moon will take place March 31 - another Blue Moon!
The Full Moon is known as Flower Moon to signify the flowers that bloom during late April or early May. Other names for the Full Moon in May are Corn Planting Moon, and Milk Moon from Old English/Anglo-Saxon. 2018 date: April 29.
June’s Full Moon is the Strawberry Moon as these little red berries ripen at this time. Other names are Hot Moon, Mead Moon, and Rose Moon. 2018 date: May 29.
The Full Moon for late June or early July is called Buck Moon to signify the new antlers that emerge on deer buck's foreheads around this time. This Full Moon is also known as Thunder Moon, Wort Moon, and Hay Moon from Old English/Anglo-Saxon. 2018 date: June 28.
The Full Moon for late July or early August is called Sturgeon Moon because of the large number of fish in the lakes where the Algonquin tribes fished. Other names for this Full Moon include Green Corn Moon, Barley Moon, Fruit Moon, and Grain Moon from Old English/Anglo-Saxon. 2018 date: July 27.
The full moon in late August or early September in the Old Farmer's Almanac is usually known as the Corn Moon because it traditionally corresponds with the time of harvesting corn. It is also called the Barley Moon because this is the time to harvest and thresh ripened barley. 2018 date: Aug. 26.
Technically, the Harvest Moon is the Full Moon closest to the September equinox around September 22. Most years it is in September, but around every three years, it is in October. The Harvest Moon is the only Full Moon name which is determined by the equinox rather than a month. 2018 date: Sept. 24.
Every three years, the Hunter's Moon is also the Harvest Moon. Traditionally, people in the Northern Hemisphere spent the month of October preparing for the coming winter by hunting, slaughtering and preserving meats for use as food. This led to October’s Full Moon being called the Hunter’s Moon, Dying Grass Moon, and Blood Moon or Sanguine Moon. However, this should not be confused with a Total Lunar Eclipse – Blood Moon. 2018 date: Oct. 24.
According to folklore, the Full Moon in November is named after beavers who become active while preparing for the winter. It is also known as Frosty Moon, and along with the December Full Moon some called it Oak Moon. Traditionally, if the Beaver Moon is the last Full Moon before the winter solstice, it is also called the Mourning Moon. 2018 date: Nov. 23.
December is the month when winter begins for most of the Northern Hemisphere, and the Full Moon is called the Cold Moon. The Old English/Anglo-Saxon name is the Moon Before Yule, while another name is Wolf Moon, however, this is more common for the January Full Moon. 2018 date: Dec. 22.
What about Supermoon, Blue moon and blood moon?
A full moon is a Supermoon when the point in its orbit is closest to the Earth.
A blood moon is a moon in total eclipse that appears reddish in color due to sunlight being filtered and refracted by the earth's atmosphere.
A blue moon is the second of two full moons that occur withing the same month.