An estimated 30.3 million people in the United States had diabetes in 2015. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases.
In type 2 diabetes the body doesn't use insulin properly. Many people don't know they have type 2 diabetes because they don't display any symptoms. The late manifestation of the disease can cause major complications including lower limb amputation, late-stage kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and even death from high blood sugar.
The International Diabetes Federation says several risk factors have been associated with type 2 diabetes.
- Family history of diabetes
- Unhealthy diet
- Physical inactivity
- Increasing age
- High blood pressure
- Impaired glucose tolerance
- History of gestational diabetes
- Poor nutrition during pregnancy
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says type 2 diabetes may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes.
Read about what a Winnebago, Nebraska, woman is doing to stave off type 2 diabetes in Friday's Health section and at siouxcityjournal.com.