spotlight Today in history: Dec. 1 Dec 1, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1941: Japan's Emperor Hirohito In 1941, Japan's Emperor Hirohito approved waging war against the United States, Britain and the Netherlands after his government rejected U.S. demands contained in the Hull Note. STF 1942: FDR Gasoline Rationing In 1942, during World War II, nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States; the goal was not so much to save on gas, but to conserve rubber (as in tires) that was desperately needed for the war effort. AP 1952: Christine Jorge In 1952, the New York Daily News ran a front-page story on Christine Jorgensen's sex-reassignment surgery with the headline, "Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Beauty". Paul Seifert 1955: Rosa Parks In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus; the incident sparked a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks. Anonymous 1965: Cuban Refugees In 1965, an airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1974: TWA Flight 514 Crash In 1974, TWA Flight 514, a Washington-bound Boeing 727, crashed in Virginia after being diverted from National Airport to Dulles International Airport; all 92 people on board were killed. STR 1991: Collapse of Soviet Union In 1991, Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union. Boris Yurchenko 1997: Heath High School shooting In 1997, a 14-year-old boy opened fire on a prayer circle at Heath High School in West Paducah, Kentucky, killing three fellow students and wounding five; the shooter is serving a life sentence. MARK HUMPHREY 2009: General Motors Ten years ago: General Motors Co. CEO Frederick "Fritz" Henderson stepped down after the board determined that Carlos Ososrio 2009: President Barack Obama Ten years ago: President Barack Obama ordered 30,000 more U.S. troops into the war in Afghanistan but promised during a speech to cadets at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point to begin withdrawals in 18 months. Charles Dharapak 2014: President Barack Obama Five years ago: President Barack Obama, after meeting with mayors, civil rights leaders and law enforcement officials at the White House, asked federal agencies for concrete recommendations to ensure the U.S. wasn't building a "militarized culture" within police departments. Pablo Martinez Monsivais 2018: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador One year ago: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador took the oath of office as Mexico’s first leftist president in more than 70 years. Eduardo Verdugo 2018: Ken Berry One year ago: Actor and dancer Ken Berry, star of the 1960s sitcom “F Troop” and “Mayberry R.F.D.” in the 1970s, died at a Southern California hospital at the age of 85. STR 2018: Trump & Xi One year ago: After a dinner meeting between President Donald Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the Group of 20 summit in Buenos Aires, the U.S. and China agreed to a 90-day ceasefire in their trade dispute, with Trump agreeing to hold off on plans to raise tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods. Pablo Martinez Monsivais 2018: Yellow Jacket One year ago: France’s most violent urban riot in a decade engulfed central Paris, as “yellow jacket” activists torched cars, smashed windows and looted stores. Thibault Camus View Comments Tags Wire Timegoggles Sweeps History Related to this collection Most Popular +8 Archives Week in review: Top photos of the week from AP Dec 7, 2019 Here are some of the top photos of the week, as selected by the Associated Press. +14 Archives Today in history: Dec. 9 Dec 9, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. +18 Archives Today in history: Dec. 8 Dec 8, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. +17 Archives Today in history: Dec. 6 Dec 6, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. +22 Archives Celebrity Birthdays: Dec. 7 Dec 7, 2019 Here are some of the notable people celebrating birthdays today, including Noam Chomsky, Ellen Burstyn, Johnny Bench, Tom Waits, Susan M. Coll… +18 Archives Celebrity Birthdays: Dec. 8 Dec 8, 2019 Here are some of the notable people celebrating birthdays today, including Kim Basinger, Ann Coulter, Wendell Pierce, Teri Hatcher, Sinead O'C… +25 Archives Celebrity Birthdays: Dec. 9 Dec 9, 2019 Here are some of the notable people celebrating birthdays today, including Kirk Douglas, Dame Judi Dench, Dick Butkus, John Malkovich, Donny O… +10 Archives Today’s top pics: Trump clashes with NATO leaders and more Dec 4, 2019 Top photos of the day as selected by the Associated Press.. +15 Archives Today in history: Dec. 5 Dec 5, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. +18 Archives Today in history: Dec. 7 Dec 7, 2019 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history.