NORTH SIOUX CITY -- It wasn't long Wednesday morning before Don Lantis had already fielded three phone calls from people wanting to go into the marijuana dispensary business with him.
Lantis, the grand old man of fireworks in North Sioux City, is personally not fond of marijuana and has never used it (he prefaced this several times by noting, "I'm 79 years old"). But it's impossible to deny the moneymaking potential of marijuana in North Sioux City, the same sort of opportunity which compelled his father to open Lantis Fireworks, a stone's throw from the border with Iowa, 75 years ago.
"There was money to be made there," Lantis said of his father's long-ago decision to sell fireworks directly across the border from a state where they were illegal.
"I don't know that I would ever do it, but I mean, there's a lot of money to be made in that stuff," he said of marijuana.
South Dakota voters on Tuesday night approved Amendment A and Initiated Measure 26. The former legalizes the possession, transportation and distribution of up to an ounce of pot for adults in the state 21 and over. Under the constitutional amendment, the South Dakota Legislature would have until April 2022 to pass laws permitting to recreational marijuana. The latter authorizes medical marijuana.
South Dakota is one of just 15 states to have legalized recreational marijuana. The approval marks a change of public attitude in the largely conservative state. Just four years ago, voters soundly rejected approving marijuana. The state also saw a protracted struggle between lawmakers and Gov. Kristi Noem to get industrial hemp legalized, with Noem arguing it would be akin to legalizing marijuana.
Recreational pot could mark the rebirth of North Sioux City as a playground where a person could obtain or do things that were illegal in neighboring Iowa or Nebraska. Fireworks were among the earliest "forbidden fruits" of North Sioux City, with the trade dating back at least to the 1940s, when the community was still called Stevens.
In the late 1980s, South Dakota legalized video lottery and very soon thereafter North Sioux City's "Strip" sprang up along the Military Road, just across the Big Sioux River from Sioux City. At the time, Sioux City's first riverboat casino was still several years in the future. Gamblers flocked to the North Sioux strip, which to this day has the appearance of a smaller-scale Las Vegas.
Lantis himself got in on the casino action, using space in his fireworks store as a casino for a time, but he soon abandoned the venture, having found many aspects of the business unpalatable.
Among the earliest on the Strip were Steve (Beano) and Sherry LaFleur, who opened Beano & Sherry's Casino in the late 1980s, right around the time when South Dakota legalized video lottery. Today their daughter, Kimberly Luken, runs Beano & Sherry's, plus the Reno 4 Aces and the Outlaws casino.
Luken, who is supportive of Amendment A, said Wednesday that she'd at least consider looking into the possibility of opening a dispensary. It's reasonable to assume, she said, that marijuana could be the next big thing for North Sioux.
"It could be an overnight success story, it's hard to say," she said, noting that North Sioux City's position in the tri-state region leaves it well-positioned to take advantage of regional marijuana demand, much as the city was able to welcome gamblers from three states.
Lantis, whose memory is long and rich with details, is old enough to remember the days when North Sioux City was an impoverished, hardworking, provincial outpost to the north of Sioux City, a place where anything went. His face lit up when he told the story of the town's only policeman, who was also a fence for stolen goods. Or the long-ago days when his father would give free fireworks to policemen to entice them not to hassle his customers.
"If you was old enough to put a quarter on the counter of the bar, as long as you could reach the top, they'd give you a beer," he said.
Despite the fact that he smiles and laughs when he recalls the seedier elements of North Sioux City's history, Lantis is worried that legal marijuana will lead to minors using it and others driving under the influence. He's unconvinced that regulation on dispensaries will be effective, having seen other rules (i.e., Iowa's fireworks ban) prove to be porous at best.
"It's just like beer. You're supposed to be 21. What do kids do? They all get the beer," said Lantis, who also predicted that police in Sioux City and elsewhere will "crack down on" marijuana violations, much as they sometimes tried to do when fireworks were illegal.
But Lantis also agreed that prohibition often makes the illicit item all the more desirable.
"When you tell somebody you can't do something, you're going to do it. It's just like I told people -- a watermelon tastes so much better when you jump over that fence and grab it out of that field," he said.
For the time being, recreational marijuana remains illegal in South Dakota, and it will until the state's legislature approves laws permitting it. Noem has made clear her opposition to marijuana, and the legislature is under the control of Republicans, clouding any potential timeframe for legalization.
The City of North Sioux City on Wednesday issued a statement on Amendment A, revealing little about the city's position on any future dispensaries.
"The City of North Sioux City acknowledges the adoption of Constitutional Amendment A legalizing the use of marijuana in South Dakota. The State of South Dakota & the South Dakota Legislature have a lot of work to do before the sale of marijuana would become legal. In the meantime, the City will be discussing its role and the effects this new amendment will have on our community," the city wrote in its statement.
Get Government & Politics updates in your inbox!
Stay up-to-date on the latest in local and national government and political topics with our newsletter.